Read Tenimin Altında (1919-1949) by Doris Lessing Free Online
Book Title: Tenimin Altında (1919-1949)|
The author of the book: Doris Lessing
Edition: Dünya Kitapları
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 4.56 MB
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Loaded: 1369 times
Reader ratings: 6.6
Date of issue: October 2004
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
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Özyaşamöyküsünün ilk cildinde, "teninin altında"kileri tüm çıplaklığıyla ortaya döküyor Doris Lessing. Güney Afrika'daki koloni dönemi, keskin ırk ayrımı, Birinci Dünya Savaşı'nın gölge uzantılarından henüz kurtulamamışken kendini içinde bulduğu İkinci Dünya Savaşı, uğruna evliliğinden ve çocuklarından vazgeçtiği komünizm...
Yaşamın ucunda duran bir kadının, toplumsal doğruları kabul etmeden de, yalnız bir ağaç gibi tutunmayı başarabildiğinin canlı bir örneği Lessing. "Beyaz egemenliği"ne rağmen "siyah"ları savunmak, evli kadına biçilen "iyi eş, iyi anne" rolünü reddetmek, on üç yaşında okulu bırakıp çok başarılı bir yazar olabilmek... Tenimin Altında'da çok sayıda role –çocuk, eş, anne, yazar, "beyaz", komünist– bürünüp farklı deneyimler yaşasa da, temelde aynı sözü söylüyor Doris Lessing: "Ben asla onlar gibi olmayacağım!"
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Read information about the authorBoth of her parents were British: her father, who had been crippled in World War I, was a clerk in the Imperial Bank of Persia; her mother had been a nurse. In 1925, lured by the promise of getting rich through maize farming, the family moved to the British colony in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe). Like other women writers from southern African who did not graduate from high school (such as Olive Schreiner and Nadine Gordimer), Lessing made herself into a self-educated intellectual.
In 1937 she moved to Salisbury, where she worked as a telephone operator for a year. At nineteen, she married Frank Wisdom, and had two children. A few years later, feeling trapped in a persona that she feared would destroy her, she left her family, remaining in Salisbury. Soon she was drawn to the like-minded members of the Left Book Club, a group of Communists "who read everything, and who did not think it remarkable to read." Gottfried Lessing was a central member of the group; shortly after she joined, they married and had a son.
During the postwar years, Lessing became increasingly disillusioned with the Communist movement, which she left altogether in 1954. By 1949, Lessing had moved to London with her young son. That year, she also published her first novel, The Grass Is Singing, and began her career as a professional writer.
In June 1995 she received an Honorary Degree from Harvard University. Also in 1995, she visited South Africa to see her daughter and grandchildren, and to promote her autobiography. It was her first visit since being forcibly removed in 1956 for her political views. Ironically, she is welcomed now as a writer acclaimed for the very topics for which she was banished 40 years ago.
In 2001 she was awarded the Prince of Asturias Prize in Literature, one of Spain's most important distinctions, for her brilliant literary works in defense of freedom and Third World causes. She also received the David Cohen British Literature Prize.
She was on the shortlist for the first Man Booker International Prize in 2005. In 2007 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
(Extracted from the pamphlet: A Reader's Guide to The Golden Notebook & Under My Skin, HarperPerennial, 1995. Full text available on www.dorislessing.org).
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