Read Four Plays: Summer and Smoke / Orpheus Descending / Suddenly Last Summer / Period of Adjustment by Tennessee Williams Free Online
Book Title: Four Plays: Summer and Smoke / Orpheus Descending / Suddenly Last Summer / Period of Adjustment|
The author of the book: Tennessee Williams
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 650 KB
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Reader ratings: 7.8
Date of issue: August 1st 1976
ISBN 13: 9780451525123
Read full description of the books:
I read the first three of the four plays and now we're needing to break from it (it's Cherie's and my latest book club book) so I'll concentrate on school books, except for on my commute, now. Suddenly Last Summer was definitely my favorite, just so shocking and surreal, I don't think you can trust any of the characters as narrators, and it's just brilliant. I wasn't so into....oh, Summer and Smoke I didn't feel sympathy for any of the extremely self-centered characters. And I really liked Orpheus Descending, which is hard for me to analyze right now as it is very rich and complex in terms of characterization, I think it is anyway. TW is a brilliant playwright, I don't ordinarily like reading drama, but I will always admire and enjoy reading him.
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Read information about the authorThomas Lanier Williams III, better known by the nickname Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright of the twentieth century who received many of the top theatrical awards for his work. He moved to New Orleans in 1939 and changed his name to "Tennessee," the state of his father's birth. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for A Streetcar Named Desire in 1948 and for Cat on a Hot Tin Roof in 1955. In addition, The Glass Menagerie (1945) and The Night of the Iguana (1961) received New York Drama Critics' Circle Awards. His 1952 play The Rose Tattoo (dedicated to his lover, Frank Merlo), received the Tony Award for best play.
Characters in his plays are often seen as representations of his family members. Laura Wingfield in The Glass Menagerie was understood to be modeled on Rose. Some biographers believed that the character of Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire is also based on her.
Amanda Wingfield in The Glass Menagerie was generally seen to represent Williams' mother, Edwina. Characters such as Tom Wingfield in The Glass Menagerie and Sebastian in Suddenly, Last Summer were understood to represent Williams himself. In addition, he used a lobotomy operation as a motif in Suddenly, Last Summer.
The Pulitzer Prize for Drama was awarded to A Streetcar Named Desire in 1948 and to Cat on a Hot Tin Roof in 1955. These two plays were later filmed, with great success, by noted directors Elia Kazan (Streetcar) with whom Williams developed a very close artistic relationship, and Richard Brooks (Cat). Both plays included references to elements of Williams' life such as homosexuality, mental instability, and alcoholism. Although The Flowering Peach by Clifford Odets was the preferred choice of the Pulitzer Prize jury in 1955 and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof was at first considered the weakest of the five shortlisted nominees, Joseph Pulitzer Jr., chairman of the Board, had seen Cat on a Hot Tin Roof and thought it worthy of the drama prize. The Board went along with him after considerable discussion.
Williams wrote The Parade, or Approaching the End of a Summer when he was 29 and worked on it sporadically throughout his life. A semi-autobiographical depiction of his 1940 romance with Kip Kiernan in Provincetown, Massachusetts, it was produced for the first time on October 1, 2006 in Provincetown by the Shakespeare on the Cape production company, as part of the First Annual Provincetown Tennessee Williams Festival.
Other works by Williams include Camino Real and Sweet Bird of Youth.
His last play went through many drafts as he was trying to reconcile what would be the end of his life. There are many versions of it, but it is referred to as In Masks Outrageous and Austere.