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Book Title: La muerte de Honorio|
The author of the book: Miguel Otero Silva
Edition: Seix Barral
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 8.42 MB
City - Country: No data
Loaded: 2085 times
Reader ratings: 7.6
Date of issue: 1975
ISBN 13: 9788432213595
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La narrativa describe la situación de los presos políticos durante la dictadura de Marcos Pérez Jiménez en Venezuela. Debido a su lenguaje, temática y referencias directas, la novela fue censurada en España.
La novela consta de dos partes llamadas 'cuadernos'. El primer cuaderno se titula Cinco que no hablaron y narra el traslado por vía aérea de cinco presos (cuatro de los cuales habían sido torturados en las dependencias de la SN de El Paraíso) desde la Cárcel Modelo de Caracas a la Cárcel Nueva de Ciudad Bolívar.
Los cinco personajes son identificados por su profesión (El tenedor de libros, el periodista, el médico, el capitán y el barbero). El segundo cuaderno, titulado Honorio y su muerte, funciona como un epílogo a las historias de cada uno de los presos.
El hilo narrativo transcurre durante los meses finales de la dictadura de Pérez Jiménez y gira en torno a la figura de Honorio, de quien el resto de los presos se sienten en cierta medida padres emotivos.
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Read information about the authorMiguel Otero Silva (October 26, 1908 - August 28, 1985), was a Venezuelan writer, journalist, humorist and politician. Remaining a figure of great reference in Venezuelan literature, his literary and journalistic works were strictly related to the social and political history of Venezuela. Before the establishment of democracy in 1958, he was repeatedly forced into exile; afterwards, he was elected to the Venezuelan Senate.
Born in Barcelona, Anzoátegui State, moved to Caracas at very young age, to study in the Liceo Caracas. He applied to the Universidad Central de Venezuela for studies in civil engineering. During this time, takes place his early literary activity, writing for magazines and newspapers, such as Élite and Fantoches, and other university publications, besides entering journalism.
During the Student’s Week of the year 1928, Otero Silva formed part of a series of protests against the rule of then-president Juan Vicente Gómez (see Generation of 1928); in addition to this, he also became involved in a military plot to overthrow the government. Due to this, Otero Silva was forced to get into exile, in Curaçao. There, along with Gustavo Machado, Rafael Urbina López and other Venezuelan expatriates, began preparing an invasion of the mainland across Falcón State, an operation that was unsuccessfully carried out in June 1929. During this time, Otero Silva worked on his first novel, Fiebre (Fever), later published in 1939. By 1930 he had become affiliated to the Comintern, having plenty of interest for Marxist thinking.
He was able to return to Venezuela following the death of the dictator Juan Vicente Gómez in 1935. Taking advantage of the freedom of speech allowed by Gómez's successor in office, Eleazar López Contreras, Otero Silva began writing humorous poetry in newspapers, with a certain political content. Tagged soon as a communist, the government expelled him once again from the country in 1937. In these years, he went on traveling through Mexico, United States and Colombia.
Otero was permitted to return after three years of exile. Then, in 1941, he co-founded the humoristic weekly newspaper El Morrocoy Azul (The Blue Tortoise), along with Francisco José Delgado and Claudio Cedeño, besides a leftist weekly, Aquí Está (Here It Is).
With the 1943 founding of the newspaper El Nacional by Henrique Otero Vizcarrondo (his father), Otero Silva is appointed as the head of writing, coinciding with his decision for applying at the Universidad Central de Venezuela, to study journalism. In 1946, he married María Teresa Castillo, a fellow journalist, and graduated from university in 1949. Two years later, Otero left the Communist Party of Venezuela, claiming that he wasn't ready for political discipline, and to dedicate himself to writing. He spent a year in Guárico, investigating the history of the village of Ortiz, since its growth to its abandonment due to a malaria breakout. The city served as inspiration for his next novel, Casas Muertas, which was published in 1955. The novel was awarded with the Premio Nacional de Literatura, and the Premio de Novela Arístides Rojas that same year.
His newspaper, El Nacional, was suspended twice during the military rule of Marcos Pérez Jiménez. Towards the end of the dictatorship, he was arrested for editing and publishing the Manifiesto de los Intelectuales (Intellectuals Manifesto), a text attacking the Pérez Jiménez administration.
After Marcos Pérez Jiménez was overthrown in 1958, Otero was awarded with the National Prize of Journalism, and also elected to the Venezuelan Senate, representing Aragua. However, the newspaper was again the object of much pressure by the new government of Rómulo Betancourt, for the leftist ideas of Otero and its suspected support of communism. The discontent of the government was the cause for Otero to resign from the newspaper's body of writing.
His works from the period include Oficina N° 1, in 1961, and La Muerte de Honorio in
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